tirsdag 14. november 2017

The Michelson Morley experiment revised.

The Michelson Morley experiment should show that aether exists by measuring speed changes in light in different directions when the earth is moving through space. They found no changes and concluded that the light speed is constant.

The experiment was based on that mirrors and diffraction that waves form special patterns when combined again.

In experiments, one should always look for measurement errors. Diffraction is robust against inaccuracies in the setup, but what about the atoms in mirrors and detectors. We know that atoms are highly dependent on the frequency of electromagnetic waves such as light. Can the same apply to speed?

In a mirror, the light must interact with the atoms in order to be able to bend off and be reflected. What if there there is not enough impulse time to react with the atoms, then the electromagnetic waves will go straight through the matter int the same way as the frequency dependence of x-rays.

The speed of light c is given by the electrical permeability of substances and its magnetic permittivity. The rate in substances will decrease when this product increases: c = 1/(εμ)1/2, the two components indicate how a substance interact with the environment.

The Lorentz factor will provide a mathematical description of how atoms will respond to radiation at different speeds.

Zero ​​point of Lorentz factor


This is a window function. All speeds between -c and + c are detected

Poles of Lorentz factor.


This is also a window function, all speeds between -c and + c are detected. At the end points, the function goes in resonance. This may mean that something is being stored, but in this case we will probably get resonance where light is emitted or absorbed.